Blog & News

How to Defend a Human Rights Claim

How to Defend a Human Rights Application?

In Ontario, the Human Rights Code (the “Code”) protects employees, tenants, contractors, customers and workers from discrimination and harassment based on protected grounds. The grounds include, but are not limited to, disability, citizenship, place of origin, sex, race, ethnic origin, colour, ancestry, age, creed, sexual orientation, and gender expression. The protection under the Code applies to five different areas, including employment, the provision of services and housing.  A person alleging discrimination and/or harassment on one of the protected grounds can file...

Your Human Rights Complaint article

Building a Strong Human Rights Complaint in Ontario

In Ontario, a commitment to fairness and equality underpins our collective ideals. Yet, individuals still face discrimination, bias, and injustice—particularly in the workplace. Whether you are confronting discrimination from an employer, navigating unfair treatment, or seeking to understand your rights, the first empowering step is filing a human rights complaint. This article is drafted to walk you through the process of making a human rights complaint in Ontario, aiming to empower you with the knowledge and tools necessary to maximize...

Minimum Wage Ontario 2023: October 1 Changes

Minimum Wage Ontario: Changes in 2024

Effective October 1, 2023 | The general minimum wage in Ontario is $16.55 per hour, a 6.8% increase from the previous rate of $15.50 per hour. Effective October 1, 2024 | The general minimum wage in Ontario is set to increase to $17.20 per hour. In Ontario, workplace policies, regulations, and expectations are set out in the Employment Standards Act (ESA). The ESA outlines what employees can anticipate from their workplaces, and what employers should provide their employees. This includes the...

constructive termination artilce

Should I Resign If I’ve Been Constructively Terminated?

When an employee's departure isn't due to direct dismissal but rather the result of an employer's actions or changes that significantly breach the employment contract, this is termed as being constructively terminated. This form of termination arises under circumstances where changes in employment conditions suggest an employer's intention to deviate from the agreed-upon employment contract, often leaving employees uncertain if their situation qualifies as constructive termination, especially when they consider resigning instead of claiming their rightful severance. What Does It...

Understanding Christmas Day Holiday

Understanding Christmas Day Statutory Holiday

Christmas Day, celebrated on December 25th, is one of the most cherished holidays worldwide, commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ in Christian tradition. In Ontario, as in the rest of Canada, it's a time for family, generosity, and joy, embracing both religious significance and cultural festivities. Purpose of Christmas Day The holiday season surrounding Christmas is marked by a spirit of giving, kindness, and community. Beyond its religious roots, Christmas Day in Ontario is a time for gathering with loved ones,...

mandatory retirement and ageism

Understanding Mandatory Retirement

In the evolving landscape of the Canadian workforce, the concept of mandatory retirement presents a complex interplay of ethical, legal, and societal considerations. As the demographic composition of employees shifts towards an older age bracket, the practice of enforcing retirement at a certain age—often 65—invokes significant debate on the legality and fairness of such policies. This article delves into the intricate dynamics of mandatory retirement, exploring its implications for both employers and employees within the framework of age discrimination...

Whistleblower protection in Ontario

Whistleblower Protection in Ontario

Sometimes employees witness dangerous, fraudulent, or otherwise wrongful activities during their employment. The law tries to protect employees from consequences when disclosing hazardous or wrongful activities in their workplace against an employer's right to protect confidential information. When employees disclose these practices to people who may put a stop to them, the employees are said to have "blown the whistle," otherwise known as whistleblowing. Before approaching external authorities, employees usually report illegal activities to their managers, supervisors or a neutral...

civil litigation vs negotiation article

Civil Litigation vs Negotiation: Choosing the Best Resolution Path

When most people think of resolving legal disputes, images of courtroom battles often dominate their thoughts. This aspect of the legal world, known as civil litigation, involves taking legal action to resolve disputes. However, it's important to recognize that litigation is just one of several avenues available, particularly in civil law, where negotiation can play a pivotal role. This article aims to illuminate why your case might benefit more from alternatives to litigation and why your lawyer might lean...

Human Rights Complaint In Ontario: Filing a Human Rights Application

Human Rights Complaint In Ontario: Filing an Application

Dealing with a human rights complaint in Ontario can be a complicated and stressful process. When experiencing discrimination under the Ontario Human Rights Code (the “Code”), you can file an Application against the offending party. The application is filed with the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (the “HRTO”). The HRTO resolves claims of discrimination and harassment brought under the Code in a fair, just and timely way. Every person has the right to freedom from discrimination in the five...

Workplace Investigations | When Are They Required?

Workplace Investigations: When Are They Necessary?

Maintaining a safe and respectful work environment is crucial for both employees and employers. In Ontario, workplace investigations play a vital role in addressing concerns, allegations, and violations within the workplace.  This article aims to shed light on workplace investigations, outlining what they entail, the rights and responsibilities of employees, and the duties and obligations of employers in Ontario. What are Workplace Investigations? Workplace investigations are formal processes conducted by employers to gather facts and evidence when there are complaints or allegations...